bermuda

Common Bermudagrass is a perennial grass that is frequently used for lawns. However, its aggressive, creeping growth and prolific seeding makes it a truly troublesome weed that invades lawns consisting of other grass types, unplanted areas and gardens. Bermudagrass roots can grow several feet deep, making it resistant to drought and heat, and hard to eliminate. The fine-textured blades are 1/8 inch wide and attached to hairy, gray-green stems. Flower stalks are upright with four to five 2-inch-long, arching florets, all originating from the very top of the spike.

Common Bermudagrass is very difficult to control. It is best eliminated by using a combination of contact and pre-emergent herbicides. In lawns where Bermudagrass has overtaken more desirable grasses, renovation is often the best option.

Hybrid Bermudagrass is less aggressive, does not produce seeds and is a more desirable lawn grass.

Where Bermudagrass is Found Geographically

Common Bermudagrass is common in California and southern areas of the United States.

Similar or Related Plants

Devilgrass. Wiregrass, Dog's Tooth Grass. Goosegrass. Dallisgrass.

Solutions

Cultural Controls

• Where Bermudagrass is a weed, mow desirable lawn grasses higher than 1½ inches.
• Withhold watering from affected area for an extended period to dry out below-ground shoots.
• When cultivating soil, remove and discard any shoots you find above or below the ground.
• To avoid spreading creeping stems and seeds to new areas, clean mowers after cutting Bermudagrass.
• Soil solarization.
Use landscape fabrics in permanent beds. 

For additional methods of controlling Common Bermudagrass, contact your local cooperative extension.